Some amazing things can be done with images in ActionScript 3. One of these is the ability to encode a display object as a jpeg, and thanks to the JPEG Encoder included in the AS3 Core Library, doing this is actually quite simple. In this article, I will show you how to create a flash file that encodes a movieclip as a jpeg and allows the user to download it to their own computer.

To give you an idea of how this can be used, try out the sketch pad below:

First Things First

Before we get started, make sure to grab the ActionScript 3 Core Library. The Core Library contains several classes and utilities that make it easy to do things such as MD5 hashing, date formatting, and image encoding to name a few. Once you have the library, just drop it into your classes folder and you are ready to go. Now we can import the JPGEncoder.

import com.adobe.images.JPGEncoder;

Encoding the MovieClip

In this example, we are going to assume that our MovieClip of interest is named sketch_mc. In order to make use of the JPEGEncoder, our MovieClip needs to become a bitmap. To do this, we are going to use the BitmapData class. The contructor for this class requires two arguments: width and height. Since we want our jpeg to be the same size as sketch_mc, we use it’s width and height properties. Then by using sketch_mc as an argument, the draw method draws our MovieClip on to the bitmap.

import com.adobe.images.JPGEncoder;

var jpgSource:BitmapData = new BitmapData (sketch_mc.width, sketch_mc.height);

Now that sketch_mc is in bitmap form, we can use the JPGEncoder. When creating a new instance of this class, you can set the level of compression by passing in a number from 1 – 100. Then to create our jpeg, we call the encode method and use our BitmapData instance as the argument. The encode method returns the jpeg in the form of a ByteArray, which is simply an AS3 class that makes working with binary data a little easier.

import com.adobe.images.JPGEncoder;

var jpgSource:BitmapData = new BitmapData (sketch_mc.width, sketch_mc.height);

var jpgEncoder:JPGEncoder = new JPGEncoder(85);
var jpgStream:ByteArray = jpgEncoder.encode(jpgSource);

From the Flash Player to the Hard Drive

ActionScript 3 has done all the work neccessary to turn our MovieClip into a jpeg, but it needs a little help in making it available to download. To make this happen, we will need to post our ByteArray to a server side script using the URLRequest class. Since we are posting binary data, we must set the content-type to “application/octet-stream”. It is also important to note that the file being downloaded will need a name, so we pass that to our server side script as a query string.

import com.adobe.images.JPGEncoder;

var jpgSource:BitmapData = new BitmapData (sketch_mc.width, sketch_mc.height);

var jpgEncoder:JPGEncoder = new JPGEncoder(85);
var jpgStream:ByteArray = jpgEncoder.encode(jpgSource);

var header:URLRequestHeader = new URLRequestHeader("Content-type", "application/octet-stream");
var jpgURLRequest:URLRequest = new URLRequest("jpg_encoder_download.php?name=sketch.jpg");
jpgURLRequest.method = URLRequestMethod.POST; = jpgStream;
navigateToURL(jpgURLRequest, "_blank");

Below is the php script to where we are posting our jpeg. I chose to use php for this example, but any server side script will do.

	// get bytearray

	// add headers for download dialog-box
	header('Content-Type: image/jpeg');
	header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=".$_GET['name']);
	echo $jpg;

Note: I originally wrote this article for Since it was incredibly useful to a lot of people, I decided to make it available to all of the Design Reviver readers.

Download Sample Code

  • dZine

    Great tutorial! I need something like this for an upcoming project. It’s like you read my mind :)

  • k64

    Does not work unless popup is enabled. :(

  • Fernando Lins

    There’s something wrong with the JPEG generated. This is how it appears to me on Mac OS X’s :

  • Angel Romero

    Nice tutorial! Short and straight to the point.

  • Josh Read

    Thanks again for all of your tutorials. I love this site! Seriously, I’ve learned a lot by reading it and I’m now pointing everyone from my company’s blog to it as well: – the company blog is at

  • Henry

    Fernando Lins,
    It works fine for me on a Mac. Does anyone else experience this?

    Josh Read,
    You’re welcome. I am glad you are finding the information here useful.

  • jarav

    Does not work with Flash Player 10 beta on Ubuntu Hardy. The downloaded file is just 4 bytes.

  • Stephen Braitsch

    I wrote a similar tute that also allows for png creation using a similar class from the Adobe Core Lib.

  • Rob Frau

    Hi. It’s a great source, but i use Win2003Server, is there a similar solution for asp or script file?


  • Marshall

    The jpg doesn’t show up on Leopard for me. It appears as the question mark. Fernando Lins might have been referring to this same problem. I tried Safari and Firefox.
    Thank you for any help

  • jarav

    Works now on Ubuntu Hardy with Flash player 10 beta 2.

  • cy

    I’m trying to make this save back to my server (ie save the users’ art. Any ideas on how to make this happen? Is this even possible?

    Thanks for the tutorial and all your help!

  • Henry

    @cy – I’ve added a file to the example download that should help you save the image to your server.

  • PatStars

    Very cool. Works nice and smooth.

    Is it also possible to use a brush instead of just the basic line? How would be the best way to do this?


  • Adam

    Hello, this is a script I would like to use on my website, however i am not sure where to put the corelib on my pc. if you could explain that a little more that would be great. everywhere i have tried to place still gives me errors.


  • Jayden Lawson

    Awesome. Is there anything similar for AS2?

  • Sushil

    I taken the help of above code to design an sign pad. But the problem is its bit itchy and not smooth as the one

    is there anyway to increase the smoothness of above sketch pad.

    Thanks in advance!!!!

  • Henry

    @Sushil – If the one in the link you provided is yours, it looks pretty smooth to me. However, you could try increasing the frame rate of you movie.

  • Sushil

    Thanks!!!But I tried even that. but its not working as smooth as the one I mentioned. Is there any other way of increasing the smoothness.

  • Ian

    Hi Henry,

    I’ve tried downloading your sample code, compiled it using flash CS3 with the com.adobe.images.JPGEncoder.

    The flash works fine, but when I try “Download to Sketch”, it opens up a new window and ask if I want to save the jpg_encoder_download.php file. Did I miss out something?

    Thanks for the help

  • CH

    Can anyone give an example of how to load a bitmap as the canvas_mc background, instead of the white fill? I can’t get this to work without hiding the drawing.

  • Shashi Kant

    Dear All,
    Thanks for the solution what all of you have given. But do we have any such code which demonstrates draw with flash and save with java. Also, If I want to send some more parameters which cant be appended in the url( might be a large string) this code doesn’t work. Can Any body address my issues. If no, Ask me I shall give you the solution for Flash and Java

  • basitjee

    I write an application in AS 2.0.It is a drawing sketch pad and I found on internet that help for a beginner to develop a sketch pad is not proper.So here is the link where you can download the zip file and also can read the instructions on the same page.
    Source code included

  • Ross

    Help, I cant download the file!!! – I get a 404 not found – sounds exactly like what I want.. :(

  • Bec

    Is it possible to apply this idea, but instead of saving it to the users hard drive, actually have the jpg forwarded onto our company email address (ie as a contact form?)

  • Ross

    Thanks, just checked it again and the download works :)

  • Ryan

    Hey, great stuff! For everyone asking about ASP.NET versions of this, I’ve posted code/tutorial on how to do the same thing with Actionscript 3 and a VB.NET webservice.

  • Raja

    where should i download “ActionScript 3 Core Library”, i tryed google i can not download it.

  • Daniel

    Amazing! I’ve been looking for a way to save *.jpg files from flash for ages.
    I had the same problem as Ian: Clicking on save opened up a page, but I couldn’t save the image. Then I realised that there needs to be server support for the php, so I loaded it up to my site and it worked.
    Is there a way to perform the print even if the application is a desktop app and there is no access to the internet?

  • Rod

    This is freaking awesome, I’ve spent ages searching for this, decompiling to finally find JPGEncoder and this tutorials makes it so easy

  • Hendri

    wow, this is like dream come true for me :)
    thanks for the tutorial.

    btw i still can’t download the sample code, its shown Error 404 – file not found :(
    how can i get the file?

    any help would be great..


  • andi L

    Even when i put the swf online in the same folder as the php, the very best i get when i click to save is a fresh browser window showing pages and pages of random symbols (im assuming bytecode).

    I dont get a dialog box asking me where i want to save the jpg, and when i check with my ftp program no jpg has been uploaded.

    Ive set folder/file chmods to 777, and cant seem to figure out what the problem is. I have no problems doing other php image based tom foolery on this server??

    Dopes ANYONe have an ideas what might be wrong, or is anyone else experiencing the same problems? It so frustrating when it appears to work for everyone else! :(

  • Gigs

    There’s very little on the web on how to output the file in ASP.NET so I thought I’d post my solution up here for everyone to see. I also wanted to save the file to the server so I’ve included this code too.

    Here’s how I solved the problem:

    Sub Page_Load(ByVal Sender As Object, ByVal E As EventArgs) Handles MyBase.Load

    ‘ Get the image file byte data from the HTTP request

    Dim fileData As Object
    fileData = Request.BinaryRead(Request.TotalBytes)

    ‘ Set the filename
    Dim strFileName As String = “yourFilename.png”

    ‘ Map the path to the relevant save folder
    Dim strPath As String = Server.MapPath(“files/”)
    strPath = strPath & strFileName

    ‘ write the file to disk
    Dim oFile As FileStream
    oFile = File.Create(strPath)
    oFile.Write(fileData, 0, Request.TotalBytes)

    ‘ push the file to the user
    Response.AddHeader(“Content-Disposition”, “attachment; filename=” & strFileName)
    Response.AddHeader(“Content-Type”, “image/png”)
    Response.ContentType = “application/octet-stream”

    End Sub

    You’ll need to import System.IO in your ASPX file and the IUSR account will need write permission to the folder where you want to save the image.

    Hope this helps the non-PHP guys and gals!

  • Luiz Segundo

    You can send paramns to! You just have to put it in the urlRequest like querystring and in case of accentuation you have to use “escape();”.


  • Brendan

    Thanks so much for this code and tutorial! I just used it to build this quick flash app – it’s an Obama graphic generator for creating messages to support (or satirize) the new president-elect.

    Take a look if you’re interested:


  • Bham3dman

    Fantastic! Thanks for posting this Henry! I have been looking for a way to do this for a very long time.

    @Gigs – Thanks for posting the .net code. The code worked perfectly for me.

  • Paul

    Is this for Flex or Flash ?
    or either way ?

    If this works for Flash, how to put the libary into the class ?

    Sorry for my ignorance on Flash.


  • Neil


    Is it possible to do this using URLLoader?

    The only problem I have with this approach is it opens a new window and there is no way to tell flash when it has finished.

    I would like to have my page tell the flash when it is completed creating the image.

    Can anyone offer any advice?



  • Neo

    Nice tutorial,really helps a lot thanks!

  • codemonkey

    download link is giving 404 page. Can you please check it.

  • Nicholas Polet

    Really useful tutorial, is exactly what I was looking for. That JPGEncoder class is just a godsend. I began writing one myself then came across this, saved me some time.

  • Kat

    Hello Henry!

    What a great topic!
    Can I use the PHP code in a commercial project?

    Thank you for sharing!

  • Dan

    Hey Henry,

    The download link is giving me a 404 not found error? Would it be possible for you to fix it?

  • John

    With flash player 10, I believe the server side script is now unnecessary through reference to the ‘FileReference’ method; see–

  • Miguel Arroyo

    Hi! First I wanna say thank you, knowledge sharing is the next step to a mindRevolution.

    I’m a supernewbee in php and I have a question. What if, instead of download, I wanted the image to get stored on server?

  • Ahmad

    I’m so happy that I could find this tutorial. However, I couldn’t find the source codes. Would you please put the files back there?

  • Pritam

    I tried to run this application with PHP. But when I compiled the flash it opened the IE window with “open” option and given error i.e.

    Notice: Undefined index: HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA in D:truecartruecarimageEncoderjpg_encoder_download.php on line 2

    That means HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA is not getting properly from flash post.

    Can anybody help me on this issue? How I can run this app successfully and what type of settings are required?

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  • Sajay


    Anyone could plz tell how can we use or ASP instead of PHP

  • Aurora

    Thanks for sharing this code. I have a question though.. How do you set the screen position for saving the image? I want to save an area of the screen and I can’t specify the x and y coordinates for it.. Thanks! :)

  • Horous

    Hi !
    Thanks for sharing this nice and clear piece of code…
    Just like cy above, I’d like to save the resulting jpg to the server. You said there was a code example in the source zip, but the link appears to be broken…
    Could you please paste here the corresponding code or fix the link ?
    Thanks again !

  • Pingback: Flash Tutorial: Very Cool Effect… Drawing and Saving Jpegs « Digital Cognition()

  • Pushpa


    Thanks for the tutorial. I am not able to download the source files from the provided link. It would of great help if you can provide me with the source files.

    Thanks again

  • Kishor

    its really a great tutorial! thanks for helping flash developers.

  • ketan

    we are new to flash and we are not able to run this code as pencil which is showing in flash area is not able to move here and there and so that we are not able to write or sketch anything. also download code in zip also giving us 404 error, can anyone explain this in bit simple manner ? – You guys can also send me your reply on this id as i am in bit hurry for this due to tight dead line.

    – Ketan Patel.

  • Lysle

    Wow this is perfect and surprisingly short. I would also like to save the JPG to the server, and hopefully someone will fix or post a link to the source download and maybe contact me at

  • Lysle

    Nevermind, I found it on Henry’s site, since he mentioned that this article was originally posted there. Here is the article on Henry’s site, complete with the source:

  • Lysle

    The external file doesnt have any code that helps us save the JPG to the server however… Anyone have advice for that?

  • Jesus

    Hello, I was wondering if you could guide me a bit on this idea. I wanna make circuit drawing app, so after the users finish drawing the circuit, they can just copy the URL to post the image, would i able to do that by using this same PHP code? Or would i need to save the image on the server? Its there a way to avoid having to save on the server (since is a free server, i’m not sure if i’ll be able to), such as temporally exporting the image each the time the URL is called, instead of saving the image just once. Thanks in advance :)

  • Luis MS

    Hey! I’ve just tried to use this time-saving and nice utility in my project, but something doesn’t work. :(

    The URL request is performed and a blank page is opened but nothing happens afterwards (no dialog box opens to allow to save the JPG).

    The curious part is that some strange characters are added automatically to the end of the URL.

    I tried to do it without passing any variable through the URL (the file name of the image, which I directly assign in the PHP file) but still those characters are attached to the URL:


    They’re displayed on the address bar as they are, not like their corresponding HTML entities as shown above (when I “copypasted” it on here they were automatically converted).

    Could you or somebody else help me fix this? Thanks in advance!

  • Luis MS

    Sorry for posting a second message, but these are the strange characters I get attached to the end of the URL:


  • h4ckzor3

    I need to ask you a question in case you have time … send me a mail so i know where to contact you

  • canny

    Please share the tutorial.

  • canny

    Please link me with the tutorial

  • panav

    I want to go through the tutorial.

  • dasPinas

    finally!great tutorial!ive been looking for this for a week now, ive read 2 ebooks already, about AS3, AS2 and none of those references contains this good stuff.xD tnx tnx!

  • Porter

    I’ve been wondering how people were able to do this, I had no idea that it was built into the core library. Thanks for sharing, awesome tutorial.

  • Jonas

    The link for ‘download sample code’ does not work, it shows a 404 error.

  • sean

    Hey Luis- you’re getting the ?+ wierd characters because you’re using GET instead of POST as the URLRequest.method for your URLLoader’s URLRequest object

  • Kangourou pas sympa

    I try to save a jpg with your methode, but the jpg I save is juste a white rectangle.
    I try to draw a movie clip in a bitmapdata, but it doesn’t work.
    I search the solution since 2 days, but no way, it just doesn’t work. Can you help me ?

    var jpg_180:BitmapData = new BitmapData(taille_defaut, taille_defaut);

    Clip_180 is a MovieClip.
    In advance, thank you.

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  • Edd

    Hi! Challenge:
    How would you browse a file on your local disk, display it in a MovieClip AND THEN encode it and send it to a server-side script for file creation? The problem is that you can’t browse a file from your local disk if the file is in a different folder/path…as “” only returns the actual name of the file, without* path information. My goal was to use Flash/AS3 to resize the image and then create it in the server using the ByteArray data. :D

    *PS: I know it’s a security thing but…it’s a pain!

  • Mike


    Thanks for your example.

    I am actually working on a project now where I dynamically create images and save those images using FileReference. However, do you know of a way to suppress the save dialogue? Perhaps you could point me in the right direction.

    Any help or direction is greatly appreciated!

  • LS

    Sample works great. I’m new to action script so I’m not sure I’m going about this the right way. My flash has an image that you can place other images on top. (think of a t-shirt designer). The shirt is fixed and stationary, but the placed image can be moved around the shirt and also resized. I’m using a draw with a matrix that sets the artwork in relative x,y postions and scales the image. It sort of works, but not really. When I save the JPG the scale is way off, but if I view it in the popup, it’s very close. ODD????

  • Marc

    hrmmm… I’m having the same problem as Luis. And Sean, I’m using jpgURLRequest.method = URLRequestMethod.POST; anyone else know what this could be?

  • Marc

    Me again…. had a go of your example too, and it is doing the same. BTW thanks for the tutorial

  • Marc

    Oh, I get it. Me again…. something to do with being the localhost, tried it on my webserver and it worked. Cheers for the tutorial :)

  • avneet

    its great……..
    but the given link is not working

  • dude

    dude you are the most dude of all dudes! you duuude!! I am gona download the shit and show it to all dudes I know. Dude Dude!

  • Marcelo de Assis

    Guy, thanks for that function, it saved my life.. LOL

    But I tring, with no sucess, to upload that file to a directory on my server. Any clues?


  • Jakob

    Thanks for your work. I searched for it.
    Could you reupload the sample code. The download is not available.

    Good job.

  • Dee

    Hi…anyone know if you can save the whole canvas? I have a movie where you dress up a person (moving other movies with mouse) I then want to save the final result…anyone know if you can save an area of the canvas rather than a movie?


  • selvan

    nice tutorial.
    Thanks for your work.
    The download is not available.
    Could you reupload the sample code?
    any link for download sample code?

  • Alex Angelico
  • julixe

    hi – the sketchpad demo uploaded at the top of the page is exactly what I need to create for a webpage (I’ve hardly done any action scripting) wondering if there’s a demo file/code I could get?

    Many thanks.

  • Felix

    Thanks for the great tutorial!
    I think it is very important to point out that this example will not work when you run the swf file locally. It only works when it is on a server.
    Took me hours of php juggling before I realized that.

  • George Oscar

    I am terribly sorry if this sounds stupid but I am new to flash and I just wanted to check. Seeing as I can figure out that these classes are not an intrinsic part of the flash player installation, would my users require to download these classes or is it the case that once I import them into my swf, they will be compiled along?
    If they are not compiled along what do I need to do to ensure that they are included when I publish my swf? I am developing in Flash CS4 Professional and targeting Flash Player 9 or greater running in web browsers.

    Thanks so much…

  • munkyChop

    Very useful, thanks!

    @George Oscar
    You will need to import whichever classes you wish to use and upload them to the server along with the SWF, for example:

    import the JPGEncoder from the com/adobe/images folder. The ‘com’ folder should be in the same folder as your SWF file.
    import com.adobe.images.JPGEncoder;

    Once the JPGEncoder class has been imported you can utilize the provided methods within. Users are not required to download these classes, otherwise nobody would want to use flash much ;)

    Hope that helps.

  • kelly

    Can anyone help me?
    Im an intermediate user in Flash and this is my first time using ActionScript 3.0, im a little confused with this tutorial, where do I place the coding that is provided? I have downloaded the core lib but what class folder do I place it into?
    Hope I dont sound stupid, any help is appreciated!

  • meet

    In Flash IDE
    Edit-> Preferences -> Action Script 3.0 settings

  • Boralq


    I have tried using this tutorial to make it save to a folder on a webserver. But it doesnt work.

    Any idea how im able to do that?

  • Maicon


  • Martin Grenier


    sorry for my bad english but I still want ot answer to Boralq…So, to save the picture in a directory it is simple :

    if (isset($GLOBALS[“HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA”]))

    //put your directory here
    $filename = ‘photos/’.date(‘d_m_y_H_i_s’);

    //Now let’sbe sure there aint an other file with the same name…

    file_put_contents($filename.$append.’.’.$ext, $jpg);

    //Your photo is…there:
    echo ‘Votre photo est…ici :’.$filename.$append.’.’.$ext;

  • webmonkey


    I was wondering if you and use php code that will send the saved jpeg to your email account instead of downloading direct to the harddrive. for use on a computer where a user does not have access . so the create the jpeg and then just pop in there email address and the image will be sent as an attachment?

    Is this possible and does anyone know where I could a tutorial explaining the process??

    thanks for your time


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  • Helto

    Flash 10 now allows direct saving using….awesome!

  • syaam

    HTTP_RAW_POST_DATA is not set during run…so i am not able to download image…

    what is significance of post method in sample code..URLRequest.method=post but ur sending request with name/value pairs(like GET method)

    Can u have some pointers regarding that?

  • Stom

    Hey, guys, if you want to send your image ByteArray to the server script and you don’t want to use navigateToURL function to avoid openning _blank window you can use HTTPService class:

    service = new HTTPService();
    service.url = “save.php”;
    service.method = “POST”;
    service.contentType = “application/octet-stream”;
    service.showBusyCursor = true;

  • Zee Caniago

    hey, how do you retrieve the image on flash?

  • http://- Arts


    please recommencement Error ” ReferenceError: Error #1069: Property save not found on and there is no default value.”


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  • harshit


    i am uploading image to flash, modify that image and then want to save that modified image to local machine.

    I used the above given example, it saves the image but the image is null.

    so please help me…

  • Justin

    Good job! Thank you so much.

  • James Anelay

    Is there a way to display a message in flash once the file has been downloadeD?

  • Norton

    The SampleCode link is broken.
    Good job, I like the your tutorial.

  • marco

    the download code link is brocken.
    I followed your tutorial and i placed the code inside a function (as3) but it doesn0t work.
    No error in compiling fla… only it doesn0t happend nothing…

  • baldypal

    Can this be adjusted for an Android telephone? currently, the image file is saved but displayed as corrupt.

  • tedenfe

    Great article but, on IE the download don´t work, the browser just close and the file won´t download.
    Do you have any clue?

  • Guillem

    If anyone is interested that’s my easy classical ASP way to get it (btw, thanks for this great tutorial):


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  • BlooDHounD
  • serra hayes

    Download Latest Movies Here For Free:

    • Fedora Fender

      Eat my ass.

  • Adriana

    To the author: Thank you very much for the GREAT Tutorial (sun) you helped me so much !

    To the others:
    By the way the way the download link is broken but you don’t need it cuz there and it works fine. I tried to save a regular movie clip (cuz I needed for other purposes) as a JPG and I had problems when I tried to test it from the SWF file. I got 4 symbols added to the link string (dunno why). Instead, try to publish the file and test the HTML file through a browser. It works perfectly :)

  • Adriana

    For those who dont want to use PHP, but only Flash the following code works great for me. I also used the library mentioned above and help from the source code in this article:

    I have a movie clip on the stage called “sketch_mc” and also a download button “download_btn”

    import com.adobe.images.JPGEncoder;

    var file:FileReference = new FileReference();

    var jpgSource:BitmapData = new BitmapData (sketch_mc.width, sketch_mc.height);
    jpgSource.draw(sketch_mc,new Matrix());

    var jpgEncoder:JPGEncoder = new JPGEncoder(100);
    var jpgStream:ByteArray = jpgEncoder.encode(jpgSource);

    // Download
    download_btn.addEventListener(MouseEvent.CLICK, downloadIMG);

    function downloadIMG (event:MouseEvent) {,sketch_mc + ‘.jpg’);

    • Anidolls

      WOW yer tutorial helped a lot!!! I needed it desperately, and thanks to you I’m able to complete a lot of my works. just wondering how are you going to save everything in the stage into a single JPEG, not just a certain movie clip.

  • Jinze Zhang

    I can’t believe this site is not Chinese-surportted!!Who did it…OMG
    so much English,I almost can’t understand what is said about…

  • bowo hadi Wibowo

    nice photo flash

  • Michelle

    Yes, this worked great for me. But, I would LOVE to figure out a way to use the same method to share an image to facebook. Do you have an idea how one could do that?

  • Dmitriy

    thank you very much, helped greatly.

    If will be possible clear how to make multipart forms with parts as octet streams and common strings – will be wonderfull